- 1 Is it easier to knead by hand or in a stand mixer?
- 2 How long to knead dough in a KitchenAid mixer?
- 3 Gluten content and kneading time for different types of flour
- 4 KitchenAid kneading speed for bread dough
- 5 How to mix and knead dough in your stand mixer?
- 6 Best KitchenAid mixer for bread making
There is something magical about baking bread in your home kitchen. The aroma wafting through the house and the taste and texture of fresh (and additive-free!) bread makes all that kneading by hand worth it.
And yet, there are times when you’re tired, busy or just to damn lazy to knead by hand. In situations like this, your KitchenAid stand mixer and dough hook become your best friend when handling the tiring job of kneading dough.
Is it easier to knead by hand or in a stand mixer?
When you knead by hand, it takes a good 15 to 20 minutes to get the gluten to work and for the dough to turn smooth and flexible. Besides, you have to take frequent breaks to give your sore arm some rest. Your stand mixer does a quicker job of kneading in 8-15 minutes and without needing more than one or two short breaks.
While baking experts at KitchenAid boast of a bread dough getting mixed in 2-7 minutes, the reality is quite different.
With this article, you will learn how long it takes to knead heavy/bread dough in a stand mixer.
How long to knead dough in a KitchenAid mixer?
When you’re in the mood for some cookies or cupcakes, you simply dump the ingredients in the stand mixer and let it do its thing
With bread, it is not as easy as just throwing all the ingredients in the mixing bowl with the dough hook attachment and turning it on.
Flour contains two proteins that combine to form gluten. When you knead the bread dough well, you allow this gluten to develop. This creates elastic structure and strength in the dough. Your dough becomes smooth, stretchy, soft and the trapped gases enable it to rise in the oven.
Your main concern will be about the kind of bread you want to bake. This is why it is essential to know about different types of bread flours and the amount of gluten present in each of them.
At Mom’s Baking Co, we have tested different bread recipes in our KitchenAid stand mixer. Our experiments will help you understand how these flours work and how long it will take to knead these doughs.
Gluten content and kneading time for different types of flour
The flour and other ingredients used in a recipe will affect the overall kneading time.
This is the most popular flour used for baking everything from cookies to bread. The high gluten and protein content helps absorb water and liquids and creates the right structure. This means the bread dough mixes easily and quickly.
Depending on the brand you use, it can take 7-10 minutes for the mixing and kneading process in a mixer.
As this is made with hard wheat, bread flour has a higher percentage of protein. When you combine bread flour with yeast, you get a chewy texture thanks to the gluten activity. Doughs made with bread flour get mixed easily and take less time to knead in a stand mixer.
Depending on the brand you use, it can take 10-12 minutes in a stand mixer.
Whole Wheat Flour
When you mill wheat grains, you get whole wheat flour. The resulting dough is denser and thicker and takes longer to knead. This flour also absorbs more liquids.
This means you have to knead the whole wheat dough for a longer time, around 12-15 minutes.
KitchenAid kneading speed for bread dough
The best way to know whether your bread dough is well kneaded is to pay attention to the texture of the dough, rather than the amount of time needed to knead it. The dough will be soft and flexible and pass the windowpane test. If the dough no longer sticks to the bowl but wraps itself around the dough hook, it is ready for the next step – proofing.
According to KitchenAid, you should always knead bread dough at the lowest speed – speed 2.
How to mix and knead dough in your stand mixer?
Add the wet ingredients followed by dry ingredients. Mix the ingredients for 1 to 2 minutes at speed 1 and use the paddle attachment.
Let it rest for 5 to 10 minutes. And switch to a dough hook and knead on speed 2 for 3 to 5 minutes.
Let the dough rest for 5 minutes and knead again for 2 to 5 minutes. Check the dough frequently to see whether it has become smooth and pliable.
If the dough still needs kneading, rest the mixer for 5 minutes and knead for five minutes more. Continue this process until the bread dough is well kneaded. Knead for a minute by hand and keep aside for proving.
Generally speaking, the plain flour dough like white, pita or French bread will take 7-10 minutes. This kneading time will increase to 12-15 minutes for harder dough such as whole wheat bread and seed bread or wet dough like sourdough. Breakfast rolls and cornbread come together rather quickly in 5-7 minutes.
Here’s a quick video to help you make the perfect dough in your stand mixer.
Best KitchenAid mixer for bread making
While the smallest stand mixer (the Artisan Mini) can work with soft and light dough, the stronger mixers with powerful motors almost always are the best KitchenAid mixers for making bread.
If your mixer has a lower-powered motor, it may take as much time to knead bread dough as kneading by hand. A powerfully motored stand mixer will take the least amount of time to knead bread dough.
Your KitchenAid Classic doesn’t have the necessary power to work on a heavy dough like bread. You can get by making the odd bread loaf but this is not the mixer for regular bread making.
KitchenAid Artisan models
The Artisan series of KitchenAid mixers come with a low motor power of 325 watts. Even though the bowl capacity is large enough, it is preferable to use this to make 1 or 2 loaves of bread, but on a daily basis.
The Mini has the smallest motor of them all and is not really suitable for making bread. The mixer will heat up and you run the risk of ruining your motor in the long run.
KitchenAid Professional 6 Quart
The Professional 6-quart is a powerful machine and can definitely handle heavy and wet doughs. doesn’t have the necessary power to work on a heavy dough like bread. You can get by making the odd bread loaf but this is not the mixer for regular bread making.
The KitchenAid Classic Ultra and Professional series have the necessary speed and power to knead bread dough.
The Pro-Line and Commercial series are ideal stand mixers for heavier and hydrated doughs like sourdough and artisan breads.
If you make bread all the time or in large quantities, then you need a mixer with higher power and larger capacity mixing bowls.
It is worth going for the bowl-lift mixer as the standard tilt-head will not work as well with these types of dough.
A tilt-head stand mixer with 375 watts will struggle with heavy dough. Compared to this, a bowl-lift with1200 watts can handle bread dough for 3-4 loaves with ease.
C-hook or spiral KitchenAid hook for kneading dough?
The standard dough hook that comes with most KitchenAid stand mixers is the C-shaped hook. This attachment is meant for thick batters and yeast doughs as it mimics the hand kneading process.
You will likely damage your motor by using a beater or paddle attachment.
Unlike the C-shaped hook, the relatively new spiral hook fits only certain bowl-lift models.
It imitates the hand kneading technique but with enough force to knead 25% more bread dough. It does a faster job of kneading compared to the regular dough hook, and the resulting dough is smoother and softer too
The hook attachment doesn’t work with stand mixers that come with the C hook as they aren’t built to handle the upward stress caused by the spiral hook’s mixing movements.
It is not worth upgrading unless you buy Professional mixing series or Commercial line of KitchenAid stand mixers.
Your KitchenAid mixer will knead the dough for you in minutes and does a faster job of kneading compared to hand. But the kneading times will differ based on the flour used, type of bread you bake, and the stand mixer model you buy.
Bigger and more powerful mixers are better at kneading bread dough compared to small stand mixers with less powerful motors.
Now that you know how long to knead bread dough in KitchenAid mixers, it’s time to get baking!