How To Tell If A Cheesecake Is Undercooked

The Ultimate Cheesecake Guide

Jump to cheesecake 101.

Aah, cheesecake. Always a crowd pleaser. No one can resist it’s soft, creaming, melt-in-the-mouth texture.

Cheesecake is always a great choice if you want to impress your friends at the dinner table. You really can’t go wrong with it. 

Having said that though, cheesecake is also a very tricky dessert to make – I’ve certainly had my fair share of mental breakdowns over my cheesecake not setting, being too runny or sinking in the middle. 

It can be tricky knowing when your cheesecake is set, and for a very long time I would slice into it after I made it just praying that it won’t collapse into a sad puddle of liquid mess (it used to happen far too often!).

But with so many failed attempts, I found what works and what doesn’t when it comes to making cheesecake. These tips and tricks that I have perfected over the years will help you with making the perfect cheesecake each time!

Before we get into how to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked and other tips, let’s take a look at all the delicious types of cheesecakes we can make.

how to fix undercooked cheesecake

Cheesecakes come in all different shapes and sizes, flavours and fillings. You can use pretty much any biscuit base you like and you can choose to make a baked cheesecake or a non-baked one.

When I say you can literally make any flavour, I really mean every flavour! New York style cheesecake, Spanish basque cheesecake, strawberries, oreos, chocolate, berries, you name it. You can make all your favourite flavours into a delicious, creamy cheesecake. 

A baked cheesecake consists of cream cheese, full fat double cream/sour cream, sugar, eggs and sometimes a bit of flour to help bind all the ingredients together. All the ingredients are combined and poured in a tin with a biscuit or Oreo base. 

To really get the creaminess of the cheesecake, a baked cheesecake is usually cooked in a water bath. Even if your recipe doesn’t mention a water bath, make sure you still use one! Trust me, you will not be disappointed! Plus, a water bath provides a humid environment which prevents your cheesecake from cracking in the middle.

Cheesecake is baked at a high temperature for the first 10 minutes, at around 200C fan/392F. Then the oven is reduced to 160C fan/230F and baked for a further 45/50 minutes. 

A cheesecake when baked, is quite dense and velvety – so be sure to stick to just one (or maybe 2) slices as it’s quite a heavy dessert.

no-bake cheesecake

A no-bake cheesecake is basically a baked cheesecake minus the eggs and flour.

What binds all the ingredients together in a no-bake cheesecake is gelatin. This helps the cheesecake set while it’s sitting in the fridge.

Without gelatin, I’ve had times when my cheesecake is runny in the middle and doesn’t set properly – no one wants a runny cheesecake!

Even though a no-bake cheesecake is light and airy, nothing beats the velvety texture of a baked cheesecake. The process might be long, but it’s totally worth it. 

But knowing when is the cheesecake done can be tricky and you need to know what signs to look for when checking if you have an undercooked cheesecake or an overcooked one.

Some recipes talk about baking your cheesecake for 30 minutes, others say 50 minutes.

With every oven being different, it’s good to note down a few tips and tricks that will ensure your cheesecake comes out looking perfect every time!

How To Tell If a Cheesecake is Done

Use A Thermometer

There are a few things that you can try that will help with how to tell when cheesecake is done. A fool proof method is to poke the cheesecake in the middle with an instant read cooking thermometer. If your thermometer reads 150F/66C then you’ll know your cheesecake is cooked to perfection. 

This method is probably the most accurate way to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked. And, if you are wondering, ‘Should cheesecake jiggle after baking?’’, yes, it’s perfectly normal for the cheesecake to jiggle after baking. It doesn’t mean it’s undercooked. Trust your thermometer and turn off your oven, leave the oven door open and let your cheesecake completely cool down.

If you are one of the many people who do not have a cooking thermometer, there are various other ways to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked, but these methods are a little tricky to perfect.

The Cheesecake Jiggle Test



the cheesecake jiggle test

A simple yet effective way to tell if your cheesecake is undercooked or not is by jiggling it. Pop on a pair of oven gloves and open the oven. Gently give the cheesecake a little shake. 

If there is a large jiggly area and there is mixture seeping from the sides then the cheesecake is still undercooked and needs a little longer in the oven. If only the centre jiggles then you are good to go! 

Turn the oven off, leave the cheesecake to cool down for a few hours and you should have a nice textured baked cheesecake. 

You don’t want to use a skewer or a knife to check the cheesecake is done like you would with a cake. 

Using a skewer or knife might create a crack in the middle of the cheesecake. Plus, since the mixture is wet, it doesn’t accurately show you if your cheesecake is cooked through.

Pressing With Your Finger 

You can also tell if a cheesecake is undercooked by using your finger. With a clean hand, place your finger in the middle of the cheesecake and press gently.

If it feels firm then it is cooked perfectly. If your finger sinks and there is a bit of batter residue left on your finger then your cheesecake is still too soft and you have an undercooked cheesecake.

How To Make Cheesecake Firmer

how to make cheesecake firmer

We briefly mentioned earlier that a cheesecake will continue to cook itself even after the oven is turned off.

So, by thinking the cheesecake is undercooked and keeping it in the oven for longer to bake, you run the risk of over baking your cheesecake.

If you leave your cheesecake in the oven for longer, it will firm up too much by the time it’s ready to be served and eaten, resulting in a dry and crumbly cheesecake. 

You may be fooled into thinking that the cheesecake needs to be brown at the top.

A cheesecake, to be creamy and velvety, needs to come out of the oven with a pale top (unless you are making a basque cheesecake which is deliberately burnt).

A browned cheesecake is a sign that your cheesecake is overcooked and a crack will also start to form at the top too once the cheesecake starts to overbake. 

Are you ready to serve your cheesecake now? Oh no! As much as we all want to dive into an indulging slice of cheesecake, you need to let it fully set in the fridge, preferably overnight.

This is what really makes your cheesecake firm up, creamy and velvety, not how long you bake it for. 



So, now you know how to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked! There is really a fine line that determines whether your cheesecake is undercooked or overcooked.

Hopefully, these tips will help you with being able to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked, overcooked or cooked to perfection. 

If you are still unable to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked or not, to be on the safe side, leave your cheesecake in the oven to bake for an extra 5 to 10 minutes. Then turn the oven off and let it sit there until it has fully cooled down. 

You’d rather run the risk of your cheesecake being slightly on the firm side than serving a cheesecake where the eggs have not been cooked properly.

It might be tricky to tell if a cheesecake is undercooked but just trust your instincts and follow a few of the tips. 

And remember, practice makes perfect! You’ll be a cheesecake pro in no time! 

Cheesecake 101 – Q&A

Q: Can you eat undercooked cheesecake?

A: The reason why a baked cheesecake is cooked in the oven is because it contains eggs. Eggs need to be cooked through to be eaten safely by everyone.

Undercooked cheesecake is not safe to eat if the eggs haven’t been cooked properly.

Even if you left your cheesecake in the fridge overnight to set, if you’ve not baked the cheesecake for the full amount of time and the eggs are still raw, then it’s definitely not safe to eat.

Make sure you bake your cheesecake for the full amount of time!

Q: Can you put cheesecake back in the oven?/Can you rebake cheesecake?

A: This depends on whether your cheesecake has had time to set in the fridge or not. It is quite hard to fix an undercooked cheesecake once it has set in the fridge, as rebaking it will likely result in a cheesecake that doesn’t have a very pleasant texture.  

You can save an undercooked cheesecake if you’ve just taken it out the oven, though. If you’ve been cooking it for the full time the recipe states and you don’t know what to do when your cheesecake is not set in the middle, then place it back in the oven and bake it for another 10 minutes.

Use the jiggle test or the finger test to check if the cheesecake is cooked.

Q: What does undercooked cheesecake look like?

A: Trust me, you will know! You will tell straight away when your cheesecake is undercooked because it will be extremely wet and jiggly and the batter will be seeping from the sides.

Just leave it to bake for 10 minutes at a time and keep checking it. Investing in an instant read thermometer will really help you with understanding when your cheesecake is cooked through to the middle.

Q: My cheesecake won’t set in the oven, what do I do?

A: If you have baked your cheesecake for a long time and the centre of the cheesecake is not cooked, then you might need to change up the recipe a little. It might mean that you needed to put more flour or more eggs to bind it together.

If you are struggling to set your cheesecake, next time, mix in some gelatin. This should hopefully make your cheesecake set properly once it’s in the fridge.

Q: Should my cheesecake be jiggly?

A: Definitely! Do not think that your cheesecake is not setting just because it’s jiggly. But, you have to look out for how big the jiggle is. If only the centre jiggles, the cheesecake is cooked and you can turn the oven off.

If the whole cheesecake jiggles and there is wet batter coming out the sides then your cheesecake is not cooked in the middle and needs more time. Once you let your cheesecake fully sets in the fridge, your cheesecake will stop jiggling.


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